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Vol 5  
6 | Summer 2017


So much drama is unfolding in American politics that it is hard to adopt the analytic perspective necessary to understand our democracy and the policies it produces. But here at ISPS, we are doing just that—beginning with a new academic year of programming at our Policy Lab. Our visiting luminary, Senator Russ Feingold, will be leading semester-long Lab workshops for Yale College students on contested truth in politics (in the fall) and campaign finance reform (in the spring). We are also delighted to welcome two new faculty fellows: game theorist Ian Turner — an expert on American public administration — and young-methodologist-extraordinaire Fredrik Sävje. Not to be outdone, our existing fellows are putting out papers faster than President Trump can tweet (ok, not quite, but seven papers in the last two months is pretty impressive). Meanwhile, we have four stimulating recent blogs from our Graduate Policy Fellows and Director’s Fellows. Check out their smart pieces—and all the rest of a very productive summer’s output—on our website.



Public conferences and workshops are on summer break. They will start up again in the beginning of September. Please check back with our events page for updates.


ISPS is pleased to welcome two new political science faculty members and Resident Fellows at 77 Prospect: Ian Turner and Fredrick Sävje. Prior to joining the Yale faculty, Turner was an Assistant Professor of Political Science at Texas A&M. He received his PhD in political science from Washington University. See his research site here. And prior to Yale, Sävje was a Postdoctoral Fellow in the departments of political science and statistics at UC Berkeley. He received his PhD in economics from Uppsala University in 2015. See his research site here.


We also welcome two new Postdoctoral Fellows this year: Adam Thal and Patrick Tucker. Adam will be running The Policy Lab where he will be collaborating on research-policy initiatives, mentoring undergraduate and graduate researchers, and working with city-, state- and national-level policy makers. And Patrick, who studies representation, public opinion, Congress, and the stability of political attitudes, will be working as a research fellow with Professors Greg Huber and Alan Gerber at the
Center for the Study of American Politics.


The Honorable Russell Feingold has been appointed the Martin R. Flug Visiting Professor at Yale Law School for the 2017 - 2018 academic year, and will also be joining ISPS as a Visiting Faculty Fellow. The former Senator of Wisconsin has taught at Marquette and Stanford law schools, among others, and has started up a political action group since leaving government service in 2011. At ISPS, he will be hosting bi-weekly seminars at The Policy Lab focusing on misinformation on internet platforms in the Fall, and a series on campaign finance reform in the Spring.


Conor Walsh, Graduate Policy Fellow, looks at the after-effects of the 2008 financial crisis in terms of productivity, and the implications for future policy in "The Productivity Slowdown - Exploring A Role For Demand."
Nichole Nelson, Graduate Policy Fellow, tells us what the implications of the ruling in Bank of America v. Miami means for fair housing in "Another Great Awakening? The Case for Fair Housing Movement's Revival."
Adam Chekroud
, Graduate Policy Fellow, writes about the future of personalized medicine, particularly mental health treatments in "The 21st Century Cures Act Will Finally Put Algorithms at Doctors’ Fingertips."
Ryan Liu, ISPS DIrector's Fellow, writes from personal experience about the value of attending a two-year community college, especially for first-generation immigrant children in "Why I'll Graduate from Yale but Owe It To Community College," published in Forbes.


Zack Cooper, with Fiona Scott Morton and Nathan Shekita, have released their latest study on surprise medical  billing in hospital emergency departments.The new study shows that a small but significant group of predominately for-profit hospitals charge patients out-of-network physician fees. Because patients cannot avoid out-of-network physicians during an emergency, physicians have an incentive to remain out-of-network and receive higher payment rates that the patients then have to pay. Read an overview of the study by Mike Cummings in YaleNews.


With all the Republican health care reforms and repeals coming and going, some Democrats are proposing a single-payer system, and some are taking a serious look once again at Jacob Hacker's public option plan that allows patients to buy into a government Medicare-like system on the exchange. In several recent interviews, Hacker spoke about the reality of implementing this plan and hashed out the details. Read the interview with Mike Cummings on "Assessing the Health Care Debate" in YaleNews; listen to Matt Townsend's Q &A on NPR BYU, and to the podcast "The Road to Universal Coverage" with Politics and Reality Radio. In Health Affairs, Hacker co- writes with Gerard Anderson and Paul Starr on how a Medicare option on the exchange would increase competition; and in Intereconomics, he explains how Medicare E (for Everyone) would work. 


"Did Shy Trump Supporters Bias the 2016 Polls? Evidence from a Nationally-Representative List Experiment." Alexander Coppock publishes in Statistics, Politics and Policy.
"Do Subtle Linguistic Interventions Priming a Social Identity as a Voter Have Outsized Effects on Voter Turnout? Evidence from a New Replication Experiment." Alan Gerber, Gregory Huber, and Albert Fang publish in Political Psychology.
"Are Voting Norms Conditional? How Electoral Context and Peer Behavior Shape the Social Returns to Voting." Alan Gerber, Gregory Huber, David Doherty and Conor Dowling publish in Journal of Politics.
"Candidate Choice without Party Labels: New Insights from Conjoint Survey Experiments." Alexander Coppock (with Patricia Kirkland) publish in Political Behavior.
"Nongovernmental Campaign Communication Providing Ballot Secrecy Assurances Increases Turnout: Results from Two Large-Scale Experiments." Alan Gerber, Greg Huber, Albert Fang and Andrew Gooch publish in Political Science Research and Methods.
"The Generalizability of Social Pressure Effects on Turnout across High-Salience Electoral Contexts: Field Experimental Evidence from 1.96 Million Citizens in 17 States." Alan Gerber, Gregory Huber, Albert Fang publish in American Politics Research.
"A Call for Parenting Interventions for Refugee Mothers with Children Younger than 3 Years." Kassandra Birchler, Graduate Policy Fellow, writes an op-ed in The Lancet Psychiatry.


"Tale of Two Nations: Medicine across the Border." In an article by Michael Smith, Ted Marmor explains the history and divergence of Canadian and U.S. healthcare in Medpage Today.
"A Bracing, Much-Needed Antidote to the Despair that Has Descended over the Chattering Classes." David Mayhew's "The Imprint of Congress" is reviewed by Peter Schuck in New Rambler Review.
"What Happened to Congress?" A video of David Mayhew as part of a three-person panel at the National Constitution Center.


"Anyone who tells you that the most expensive health-care system in the world is going to undergo a sudden shift to highly efficient and low-price medicine has not been studying American medicine.” Jacob Hacker in "Medicare-for-All Isn’t the Solution for Universal Health Care." The Nation
“There is a problem in terms of progressive policy development, but it’s not a problem of there being an absence. The problem is where it’s coming from and what its character is.” Jacob Hacker in "Where Are the Single-Payer Wonks?" New Republic
Hospitals and physicians independently negotiate with insurers over network participation." Zack Cooper in "Surprise Bills Confound Vulnerable Patients at Emergency Rooms." WSHU 
"McConnell is the least sincere proponent of bipartisanship I can imagine." Jacob Hacker in "A 'Bipartisan' Healthcare Bill Is a Pipe Dream." VICE
"Every major breakthrough from Civil Rights to Social Security to what happened on the right under Ronald Reagan were driven by significant mobilization behind an idea that was much more extreme than what actually happened." Jacob Hacker in "Government-Run Health Care: Democrats’ New Litmus Test." NBC News
"I have been in contact with a lot of Democrats in Congress, and I am confident that the modal policy approach has shifted pretty strongly toward a more direct, public-option strategy, if not ‘Medicare for all.’” Jacob Hacker in "Republicans Are about to Make Medicare-for-all Much More Likely." Vox
"Generally speaking, Congress needs many months to do something big." David Mayhew in "Trump Says He Has Signed More Bills Than Any President, Ever. He Hasn’t." New York Times
“What we know from past criminological/social science research is that a small percentage of the population drives violence.” Andrew Papachristos in "Inside the Algorithm That Tries to Predict Gun Violence in Chicago." New York Times