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Vol 5
Issue 1  January 
 |  2017

FROM JACOB HACKER

Our new Policy Lab was opened last week to much fanfare and acclaim, including a great description of the Lab as Yale’s “maker space” for public policy. Stay tuned for all the great activities planned by the Lab’s first director, Andy Papachristos. Speaking of Professor Papachristos, his new paper on the social contagion effects of gun violence has received enormous and much-deserved attention. So too has has Stephen Skowronek’s now-classic work on “political time” and “disjunctive” presidencies as journalists grapple with the presidency of Donald J. Trump. Not to be outdone in the punditocracy: our Policy Fellows have been blogging up a storm. Read Nichole Nelson on the history of Fair Housing and HUD appointee Ben Carlson, Sophie Jacobson on childcare policy in Connecticut, and Noriko Amano on how to use data to understand Affirmative Action.

 

UPCOMING EVENTS

CSAP SEMINARS
Feb 1 @ 12 Alessandra Casella (Columbia) "Trading Votes for Votes"
Feb 8 @ 12 Allison Harris (Princeton) "Judicial Diversity & Sentencing: Cook County"
Feb 15 @ 12 Katie McCabe (Yale) "Managing Conflicts between Partisanship & Identity"
Feb 22 @ 12 Alexander Hertel-Fernandez (Columbia) "Policy Feedback as Political Weapon"

HEALTH CENTER POLICY SEMINARS
Feb 2 @ 1:30 Gary Loveman (Exec VP, Aetna Health) "Consumer Insights, Data, Insurance"
Feb 13 @ 12 Paul Soglin (Mayor of Madison, Wisconsin) co-sponsored with The Policy Lab

THE POLICY LAB HAS OFFICIALLY OPENED




ISPS officially launched The Policy Lab on January 23, 2017 in its newly renovated space at 77 Prospect Street. Almost 100 people attended the event that featured remarks from President Peter Salovey, Jacob Hacker, and Andrew Papachristos, Director of The Policy Lab. The Lab’s student working groups have already begun tackling issues such as gun violence, police misconduct, prison education and New Haven public education reform. And last week, the Policy Lab produced its first working paper,
“Age of Gunshot Wound Victims in New Haven, 2003-2015.” Read all about the launch in the Yale News and the Yale Daily News.

ISPS BLOG: LUX ET DATA




Nichole Nelson, Graduate Policy Fellow, briefs us on Fair Housing and questions Ben Carson running HUD in "Straight From Central Casting."
Sophie Jacobson, Graduate Policy Fellow, looks at the realities of childcare policy in "Care 4 Kids? Connecticut’s Struggling Childcare System Provides Critical Perspective on President-elect Trump’s Social Policy Agenda."
Noriko Amano, Graduate Policy Fellow, constructs a unique dataset to measure Affirmative Action in "What Are the Effects of Affirmative Action Regulation on Workers’ Careers?"

MODELING GUN VIOLENCE AS AN EPIDEMIC: PAPACHRISTOS




Using disease modeling, Andrew Papachristos and co-authors find that
gun violence may be 'contagious' with social networks acting as a breeding ground for the spread of gun exposure and violence. The paper was published recently in JAMA Internal Medicine.The question proposed by the researchers focuses on the probability of a person becoming the subject of firearm violence and the extent to which subjects can be predicted and perhaps prevented. The paper generated much media attention: Listen here as NPR interviews Papachristos; read Yale News here; an article in the New Haven Register here, and another in Arstechnica.

THE PAST AS PROLOGUE: TURNING TO SKOWRONEK'S WORK




Trying to explain the Trump presidency has led many journalists and analysts turning to Steve Skowronek's classic work on 'disjunctive' presidencies and 'political time'. On Skowronek's concept of 'political time' Jack Balkin writes this in Vox; Reihan Salam writes this in Slate; Scott Lemieux contributes this in New Republic; and Peter Grier has this to say in Christian Science Monitor. On the concept of 'disjunctive' presidencies, Ross Douthat writes this in New York Times; more by Lewis and Djupe in 538; Joel Auchenbach has this to say in the Washington Post; and Christopher Baylor contributes this also in the Washington Post.

ACADEMIC PAPERS

The Turnout Gap between Primary and General Elections. Alan Gerber, Gregory Huber, Daniel Biggers and David Hendry publish "Why Don't People Vote in U.S. Primary Elections? Assessing Theoretical Explanations for Reduced Participation." Electoral Studies
Birds of a Political Feather... Date. Gregory Huber with Neil Malhotra publish "Political Homophily in Social Relationships: Evidence from Online Dating Behavior." Journal of Politics Related: Psychology Today
Close Election or Not: Little Difference in Turnout.
Alan Gerber et al. write "One in a Million: Field Experiments on Perceived Closeness of the Election and Voter Turnout." NBER Working Paper
On Those 'Winning Hearts and Minds' Programs.
Jason Lyall et al. publish "Can Civilian Attitudes Predict Insurgent Violence? Ideology and Insurgent Tactical Choice in Civil War." Journal of Peace
The Average Age of Gunshot Wound Victims Is Surprising.
Simone Seiver, Andrew Papachristos, Tina Law and Pina Violano post their new working paper "Age of Gunshot Wound Victims in New Haven, 2003-2015." ISPS Working Paper

PODCASTS

Whither Democracy? On Dateline New Haven, host Paul Bass talks with Jacob Hacker about the dangers to democracy in the era of Trump. New Haven Independent
Deregulation Nation. Jacob Hacker is interviewed by Mike Pesca on why Americans like their regulations, but Republican don't (begins at 4:30). Slate's "The Gist"

QUOTE US

"What the study highlights is that patients can face extremely large bills if they see an out-of-network physician." Zack Cooper in "Surprised by a Medical Bill? Here's What To Do." CNN Related Paper: NEJM
"Not only is it an epidemic, we can actually show in our study how it's transmitted and actually specific individuals who may be at risk." Andy Papachristos in "Chicago Has Almost 4 Times Fewer People than NYC — but 3 Times the Number of Shootings." MIC Related Paper: JAMA
“What we are seeing now is more ‘mom and pop’ type of activity, Andrew Papachristos in "Chicago Works Through Its Crime Surge." Wall Street Journal